An area / 6550 / km ² and extends along the province from north to south, 120 / / km and a width from east to west / 66 / km.
Sweida is a museum open to the signs and buildings of archaeological dating back thousands of years, archaeologists found many sites in most parts of the conservation tools flint sculpture were used by prehistoric man, among them pens com fig tree to the east of the village of Rima quilts, and Marah ranch near city endosperm, and Aqrash, Kum gravel, Hzhz, and networking, home to maintain archaeological sites as important as the Tel Aldbh near the village of Barika, and site of the monastery brown between the villages of Najran mother leeches, indicating archaeological finds in the presence of traces of the Bronze Age
Become cities of the province during the reign of the Nabataeans important positions and became the city Salkhad including commercial center, economically and militarily, distinct, and strengthen its military thanks to the castle mega famous castle Salkhad, and in many places in the province researchers found effects and the writings of Nabataean as in the endosperm vast and others were also found to write in Arabic back to the year / 328 / m which is chronicling the tomb of a man who Qays one of the kings of the Arabs, and by the force of the Nabataeans, economic and military could not Roman occupation of the province when they occupied Syria in / 64 / S. m is the weakness of the Nabataeans, who had been increasing gradually enabled the Roman occupation of extend their control over the cities of the province at the time
The province includes many of the monuments that date back to the Greco-Roman in Shahba, channels, rip, village Barika, Najran, broaden the, Atil, sound, well-founded, Dama, Zkir, Almstv, salt, Amra, Magdala, Salkhad, farm WAM pomegranate, Arman and others many towns and archaeological sites.
On the other hand was across the province known as the past many names as Mount Albashan wrote and Mount Horan, Jabal Al Rayyan and Jabal al-Arab, grabbing the attention of the caliphs Arabs, built-Waleed bin Abdul Malik for himself a palace in Crime quilts, where he is serving some time in the summer, the Caliph Omar bin Abdul Azizvkd owned a farm in the endosperm where he was staying from time to time, and when a waiver of his property without preferred to keep other Vibqaha for himself
The name continued to mount Rayan called on what appeared to maintain even during the Umayyad and Abbasid period until the end. Then stir in the region has seen a decline in security and economic life that has led to other factors as likely sources to the displacement of people by, say the number of people and displaced most of the cities and villages. And this phenomenon continued emergency period of time. Were nomadic tribes comes to him in the spring and summer to graze his cattle Rabia and draws its water from a rising so inhabited the western parts of it as threatening the economic life of the easy-Hourani.
During the Ottoman occupation did not know the mountain direct Ottoman rule until the year / 1840 / M. Hamdan family was the ruling family in the mountain known as Sheikh al-Hamdani as Sheik Sheiks mountain or a great sheikhs. And when he wanted the rule of Mohamed Ali Pasha in the Levant / 1831 _ 1841 / to impose conscription and disarmament of the population saw the mountain a bloody war lasted for nine months without the checks to the governor what he wanted, although methods of cruelty, murder, destruction and filling pools and blockade arbitrator Vzhguet the lives of thousands of victims of the army and the population.
Held in the endosperm festivals, events and exhibitions such as the Festival of several endosperm of marketing and farm tourism and cultural festival and jazz festival and exhibition Suweida the vine, apples and artistic activities of the fine arts and sculpture in addition to many art galleries and cultural festivals and literary