And came after them the French in 1715 and founded the port of Port Louis - the capital of the country now - and has been the island of Mauritius as a base until the defeat of Napoleon, was taken over by Britain in 1810, and established the authority under the leadership of Robert Farquhar has subsequently planted economic and social change fast on the island. , The country held general elections in 1967, after Morachews establishing a new constitution and the declaration of independence on March 12, 1968, and then the right of the declaration of the Republic of Mauritius on March 12, 1992
The area of Mauritius, two thousand and five miles, and its inhabitants in the year 1408 AH - 1988 (1.078.000) and the capital Porth Lewis is the first port, and island volcanic not rising land much higher hills of Montenegro and the height of up to 827 meters, and over the island up in the middle and south-west and includes the island (Rod Rejoice) and some small islands. The mild tropical climate of Mauritius island because of its location, and hit by rain and abundant rainfall, which helped the growth of forests in some parts of the island, where it was noted many tourists went to in recent years
The census is a population of Mauritius Panel variety of races, cultures and religions, living with each of the religions of Islam and Western Christianity and ethnic Creole, Chinese and Tamil together in perfect harmony, where is this harmony between all cultures and races a absorptions to the island. This rich cultural heritage and stunning range of mosques, churches and temples is evident in every corner.
Until the night of independence in 1968, was the economy of Mauritius is supported on the production and export of sugar only. In the seventies of the last century, the island began to diversify its economy by encouraging the establishment of export-dependent companies in the export processing zone and the development of the tourism economy.
Nineties: the Export Processing Zone has become heavily dependent on textile and clothing industry during the past thirty years. The nineties saw a great variety and the entry of Mauritius to the advanced sectors such as IT, engineering and design jewelry. Also developed sectors of ports and sea lines with the expectation of the services sector to play a key role in the growth of the economy in the future
The population of the island in agriculture, working in agriculture, 24% of the workforce, and sugar cane plantations cover half of the island, and represents the most important sugar exports, sugar cane is grown along with tea, tobacco and some food grains, an important trade and tourism on the island