As part of East Gondwana, Madagascar separated from Africa land for nearly 160 million years, and the island of Madagascar was created when it separated from the Indian sub-continent in 80 to 100 million years ago. Most archaeologists estimate that the human settlement of Madagascar happened between 200 and 500 AD, when the sailors from South East Asia (probably from Borneo or the southern Celebes) in the sailing.
Started writing the date in Madagascar in the seventh century, when Muslims established trading centers along the northwest coast. During the Middle Ages, the kings of the island began to expand their power through trade with their neighbors on the Indian Ocean, particularly the Arab traders, and the Persians and the Alsomaliaan who arrived in Madagascar, eastern Africa, the Middle East and large Hindamishaik begun to dominate large areas of the island.
Including the Sakalava chiefdoms of Menabe, centered in what is now the town of Morondava, and Buena, centered in what is now the provincial capital of Mahajanga. The impact of Sakalava extended across what is now the provinces of Antsiranana, Mahajanga and Toliara.
The area of Madagascar 587.000 sq km and thus the State is the forty-sixth in terms of area which is also the fourth largest island in the world. It is slightly larger than France, which is one of 11 separate province in the plateau of South Africa
On top of the hill is located the central highlands, a plateau region ranging in altitude from 2,450 to 4,400 feet (750 to 1350 meters) above sea level. Central Highlands is characterized by Bodian rice listed between barren hills. There the red laterite soil that covers a large part of the island has been exposed to erosion, showing clearly the reason for naming the country as the "red island
There are two seasons: a hot rainy season from November to April and a cool, dry season from May to October. South East trade winds are prevailing in the country, was facing the island sometimes hurricanes