The island remained a subsidiary of the Empire Byzantine until opened by the Abu Hafs Omar Albulouti Andalusian, which established the Emirate of it, then Malbut that restored him to the Byzantine emperor Nagafor the second year 960 and then watered, however, the Venetians in 1204 during the Fourth Crusade, included the island to Greece in 1913 after centuries of Ottoman rule.
Known to Arabs as the "Crete" and known to Turks as "Dzet." It is an island rectangular length between the West and the East 255 km, and the largest width of 50 kilometers, an area of 8331 km, and is the land of Crete in the middle, where there are mountains in the line running from east to west, and the highest peaks of up to 2456 meters, where the mountains Oadha Urus. Coast of the island and surrounded by coastal plains, and descend to a short fast-flowing rivers, and enjoy the coast of North Island with a number of natural bays serve as ports, and most of its cities on the north coast ports
Live in Crete about 800 thousand people and belong to multiple items, most of the Greeks, then the Turkish community and reached the island during the Islamic rule to them. The population of the island in agriculture, producing wheat, corn, olives, grapes and citrus, also working in the trades sector, including marine fish and sponges as hunting and trade outside their island, and there are a number of other works in grazing and traditional industries