Tunisia have played important roles in ancient history since the era of the Amazigh and the Phoenicians and Carthaginians were known as the province of Africa during the Roman rule. There has been wars between Carthage and Rome still to now one of the most important wars of the Old Testament as they were called to Rome was submerged provision of agricultural products. Saracens in the seventh century and founded the city of Kairouan, the year 50 AH to be the first Islamic city in North Africa
Renamed the country in the Latin languages, to which it adds ia such as English has evolved from a designation of French historians and geographers, who called her Tunisie-ia,. In the early 19th century as part of their efforts to give the names of the territories that were occupied by France. Tunisie word derived from the French adopted by some European languages, with some minor modifications, which produced the distinguished name of the country. Some other languages did not change much Arabic name, eg naming the Russian Tunisia Тунис (Tu 'age) and the Spanish label Túnez
North coast that is characterized by a high rocky depths of sea adjacent to the winding creeks and wide Kkhalaj Tunisia and capital good head following a narrow coastal plains of the coast to the mountains from the sea, approaching the east coast is a low sandy coast of the few Altaarig bays wide Kkhalaj bathrooms and the islands of Djerba and Kerkennah
· A series of mountains and one of the highest mountains of the Atlas series of marine yeast
· Along the hills of the Golan Ctoot in Algeria, ending sandy plains where the Shatt al-Gazette
Tunisia's surface consists of coastal plains that stretch along the coast overlooking the sea on the Mediterranean and expand in the middle, the southern regions is an extension of the Algerian desert. Desert covers the southern half of the territory of Tunisia. Valley is an abstract of the country's largest rivers
· The hill top, which covers the north.
· The middle of Tunisia, where the high-and low deserts, which ends at the east coast.
· Interior region bounded by the Shatt al-palm leaves to the north, and is characterized by the vast desert Rabua Bmessahadtha Buahadtha singing and wrapped around a small number of sources of water.
Tunisia is located in the southernmost point in the north of the African continent, a top bin Railway
In Tunisia, three varieties of climates:
1. Mediterranean climate in the north than the amount of rainfall 400 mm per year
2. Semi-arid climate in the middle range where rainfall amounts between 200 and 400 mm
3. Dry climate in the south where rainfall less than 200 mm per year
Tunisia's oldest civilizations known prehistoric Oargaha, and on the extent of each pre-historic times:
The first round saw him to the emergence of stones or gravel, put up by humans for use as a weapon for hunting or cutting wood. I have found such tools in several areas in Tunisia oldest site named Prempeh near the tribal south of Tunisia where he found the pieces of stones round carved along with the bones of animals extinct elephant giant has as much history, including nearly two million years and found the stones put up in other sites including the Palace touch Bmatmdah Oueslatia well in rural Tunisia and north Borkbh Nabeul Tunisia
He also Alqbesaon since 7.000 years before present, the pottery industry, they have developed in the Neolithic period, from 6.200 years before present, making pottery spire rule: bottles, pottery with a conical shape without ties of pots and pottery-based semi-conical, and others. They have also the use of cobalt in the manufacture of ostrich eggs pots: oval shape bottles and cups and cups and dishes. This is in addition to what is found from the manufacture of stone tools and Menacht sharp chisels and blades of different shapes for the housing, the housing rights Alqbesa huts made of tree branches, and housing sponsors caves in the mountains
Who set up the country's population of Tunisian commercial relations with Phoenicians since the 11th century BC. M. Where the establishment of these ports for the exchange of goods is often based on barter. Utica is the most important of these ports and was the founding of Carthage as a military base to protect the commercial ports on the west coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Following the strikes that broke out in Vinkie a group of traders to flee to Carthage and stability Vehau merged with the indigenous Berbers and formed the so-called Balqirtagiyn hailed the form of the Amazigh Aktar 70% of the Carthaginians, but historical novels about the establishment of the city closer to myth than fact, sometimes
Settled Islam in the region after three breakthroughs in a row I knew a lot of resistance from the Berber while did not express the peoples of the region only after the long centuries and return basis expresses the region to the delegations of the families and the Arab tribes, especially with migration between the moon and built properly from the southern Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf up to date so balanced demographic a new element known predominance of the Arab
Contains the city of Kairouan, many of the learning centers of Islam except that after the East African cradle of religion and the center of government led to the spread of Islamic sects that do not belong to the Sunnis, particularly outside of thought
Agriculture recorded a high percentage, which enabled the country to reach a sufficient level of food security. Although the development of other sectors of the Tunisian economy, the agriculture Hafedt the importance of social and economic terms of providing 12% of the gross domestic product and occupies 16% of the workforce in 2006 the most important agricultural products are grain (wheat and barley), olives (the fourth product third source Aalmiwaltmor and citrus fruits, livestock and products sea. State is acting in the sector in the majority of its branches through its institutions, but it should be noted Dhour private gatherings especially in the food industry, the most important group Paulina
Muslims account for the vast majority of the population with the presence of Christian and Jewish minorities small provided later and have always lived in peace with Muslims. Tunisia is a Mediterranean homogeneous as Muslims account for 98% of the population, generating a strong national Antmea the Tunisians in the absence of ethnic and sectarian tendencies, although it is multi-ethnic country. The composition of the population now is a mix of Arabs and Berbers, Phoenicians, and the Europeans, Africans and Turks, Romans, Andalusians
Who have taken refuge after being driven to it by the Christians as defined beginning of the sixteenth century settlement of a large number of Turkish families.
Nearly all Tunisians (99%), Muslim) 85% of them years of followers of the Maliki school and 15% of the Hanafi school and there is a minority worship services and there Elsafrion with 2,000 Jews on the island of Jerba, Tunisia, according to sources Tunisian and 1500 according to Jewish sources, Jewish Tunis came from Spain in the late fifteenth century AD, after the persecution by the Spaniards
Arabic is the official language while French is the language of business and management de facto. As well as the vocabulary of ancient Amazigh are still several areas of Tunisia speak Amazigh Matmata on the island of Djerba (in Agim, Guellala, and Sdoeksh Orcign) and Chenini Tataouine In Aldoarat