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الاثنين، 27 يونيو 2011

Tourism in Spain

Spain (Spanish: España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España) is a state member of the European Union is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Limits honor her main from the south and east of the Mediterranean with the exception of small land border with the territory of the Overseas British Gibraltar. Bordered to the north of France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay, and to the north-west and west the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal.
Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla are the addition, the town is located Livia Spanish Kmoktnf inside French territory. An area of ​​504.030 km ² and thus be the second largest country by area in Western Europe and the European Union after France

.Spain because of its subject to many external influences since prehistoric times and until its emergence as a state. Spain emerged as a united country in the fifteenth century, after the unification of the Catholic kingdoms and control over the entire Iberian Peninsula in 1492. On the other hand, Spain was an important source of influence in other areas through modern times, when it became a world empire left a legacy of more than 500 million speakers in Spanish, making it the second use of mother tongues.
Spain's democracy with a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. Spain is the developed countries where the economy is the ninth largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and that living standards are very high (ranked twentieth on the human development index), and also ranked tenth in terms of the indicator quality of life in the world in 2005. Spain is a member of the United Nations and the European Union and NATO and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Trade Organization

Spain out of the label is still the focus of controversy. May be a Roman name, the old Iberia, Hspaina, stems from the use of the poetic word for Hesperia, which refers to Spain, which in turn reflect the perception of the Greek Italy as the "Land Bank" or "Land of Sunset" (Hesperia) and thus Spain Hspiria Altima (the land of sunset distal) being to the west of Italy. May also be the label of a divine Aspainhad Punic, which means "land of rabbits" or "edge", in reference to the location of Spain on the western edge of the Mediterranean Sea; show money in the Romanian region of the reign of Hadrian's character a female, and a rabbit at her feet.

  There are also allegations that the word Spain comes from the Basque Azbana meaning "edge" or "border", a reference to the fact that the Iberian peninsula is the south-west of the European continent while the proposed humanitarian Antonio de Nbricha that Hspaina word evolved from the word Hasballes Iberian meaning "city of the Western world." According to new research conducted by Jesús Luis Kounkalos and published in 2000 as Gramatika Ahlmyntal Venice (the basic rules Phoenician), because the root of the term - to Span - the captivity, which means "smelting". Therefore i-spn-ya means "the land that is melting the metals
Archaeological research indicates that in the gently rolling to the Iberian peninsula was inhabited by humans since Boslav 1.2 million years. Arrived humans Modern Peninsula for the first time from the north on foot since 32.000 years ago the best artifacts known of these settlements, human pre-history are the famous paintings in the cave of Altamira in Cantabria in the north of Iberia, which was created about 15,000 BC. M by Crowe - Magnons. Archaeological evidence suggests strongly that the genetic and the Iberian Peninsula was one of the major shelters that contributed to the re-settlement of northern Europe after the end of the last ice age.

Housing the island two major historically are Iberians and Celts, where people first settled along the Mediterranean Sea from the north-east to south-west, while the housing by the Celts in the north Atlantic and north-western part of the peninsula. In the inner part of the peninsula, where both teams were in contact, there was a distinctive hybrid culture known as Sltaabaria. Settled in the Basque region of western Pyrenees mountain range and adjacent areas. Other ethnic groups have emerged along the coastal areas of southern peninsula.

Emerged in the south of the peninsula near the city's legendary Tartisos (approx. 1100 BC), known trade items made of gold and silver with the Phoenicians, Greeks and documented by both Strabo and the Song of Songs. Between about 500-300 BC Phoenicians and Greeks founded colonies of commercial sailors along the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea. Carthaginians dominated for a brief period a large part of the Mediterranean coast of the peninsula, until defeated by the Romans in the Punic Wars

The twentieth century brought some peace to the country. Spain played a minor role in the scramble for Africa, where the occupied Western Sahara and the Rif region of Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. Helped the heavy losses during the war in the countryside in Morocco to undermine the monarchy. Over a period of authoritarian rule under General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1931) by the Second Spanish Republic. Republic was granted self-government political regions of the Basque Country and Catalonia and Galicia and gave women the right to vote

At the beginning of 2002, suspended the use of Spain peseta currency and national Stbdelha euros, which it shares with other countries in the euro area. Also saw Spain also strong economic growth was much higher than the EU average, but promoted a timely manner to concerns made ​​by many economic commentators in the height of the boom property prices is normal and the high deficit in foreign trade because of the boom may lead to economic collapse is painful, which Make sure the collapse of a severe real estate market resulted in the recession that hit the country in 2008-2009 a series of bombs exploded on commuter trains in Madrid on March 11, 2004

. After achieving long as five months in 2007 concluded that the bombings were making group Islamic militant local sympathetic to al Qaeda went bombings killed 191 people and injured more than 1800, and was probably the intent of the bombings to influence the results of the Spanish general elections, held after three days in spite of initial skepticism, which focused on the Basque group ETA, evidence emerged indicating the involvement of Islamists

 Because of the proximity of elections, quickly turned the matter to the political debate, where the exchange of the two major parties and the Spanish Socialist Party People's Party accusations about the consequences. In the March 14 elections, won the Spanish Socialist Party led by Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, a majority of seats, enough to form a new government led by Zapatero himself to the failure of the Government of the People's Party

Spain covers an area of ​​504.782 km 2 (194,897 square miles) and thus the State is No. 51 in terms of area in the world. Spain smaller by about 47,000 km 2 (18,000 square miles) from France and grow at about 81.000 km 2 (31,000 sq mi), of the state of California. Ted (Tenerife, Canary Islands) is the highest peak in Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from his base

Spain limits of the West of Portugal, bordered to the south, while Gibraltar (a territory and the British Overseas), and Morocco across the Moktnvat Ceuta and Melilla, the island Qmirh in North Africa. From the northeast and along the Pyrenees mountain range is bordered by France and the Principality of Andorra. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of the Strait of Gibraltar, known as Plazas de Subiranیa, such as Islands and the Isle of Achwern Albran and rock and the island of Al Hoceima Torre
  Along the Pyrenees in Catalonia, there is a small town called Livia in the form of enclave within French territory. The island in the River Los Fessanas Pedaswa is of a joint French-Spanish rule. Is dominated by the Spanish mainland the main plateaus and mountain ranges such as the Sierra Nevada. This extends from the highlands several major rivers such as the crown and the River Ebro and the Duero and the River Guadalquivir and Aana. There are alluvial plains along the coast and the largest in the Guadalquivir in Andalusia

Because of the location of Spain and the division of terrain can be seen three major climatic zones first is the Mediterranean climate characterized by dry summers and warm. Classified according to two cups of climate, this region climate is prevailing in the peninsula with two types: Mediterranean climate pattern, which is located in most parts of the country, Mediterranean climate Algalasa (Galicia and Castilla North West), where the summer, less heat because of the proximity of the region of the ocean or because of the height from the the surface of the sea.

 The semi-arid climate is found in south-eastern quarter of the country, especially in the region of Murcia and in the Ebro Valley and the Mediterranean climate unlike the dry season extends beyond the summer. Third regions climate is oceanic climate which is characterized by temperatures in summer and winter are affected by ocean currents and there is no dry seasons. In the coastal strip near the Basque Country and Asturias

  In some of the highlands, there is a kind of "south" of it by a narrow margin, where the temperatures are slightly higher in summer (average July temperatures between 20-22 degrees Celsius (68.0-71.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and the superiority of Oasirh North-West Europe) - (average score temperature in July 21 degrees Celsius (69.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in Santander, compared to 16 degrees Celsius (60.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in Brest, Liverpool).

For some authors, has a climate of Galicia is also peripherally, because of the low temperatures in the summer than in the Mediterranean climate typical. However, it often breaks out forest fires in northwest Spain because of the drought in the summer, and where the sun shines for longer periods of the areas affected by climate-ocean model. On a smaller scale, you can see climate regions such as sub-alpine climate in the Pyrenees, the climate is humid subtropical in the Canary Islands. No rain in Spain in the plains but generally fall in the northern mountains mainly

During the past four decades has grown tourism industry, the Spanish to become the second largest tourist industry in the world, worth around 40 billion euros, or approximately 5% of GDP in 2006, contributing to climate and historical monuments, cultural, and geographical location in addition to its facilities in making tourism a major industry in Spain and be a great source of stable employment. Requires the star system in the classification of hotels in Spain more than the requirements of other European countries, making Spanish hotel with a higher value
 Spanish road network, linking central 6 ways quick Basque Madrid, Catalonia and Valencia, west of Andalusia and Extremadura and Galicia. In addition, there are the highways along the Atlantic coast (to Vigo Ferrol) and Cantabria (Oviedo to San Sebastian), medium (Girona to Cadiz).
Spain currently has a total of 1272 km of high-speed rail link between Malaga and Seville and Madrid, Barcelona and Valladolid. In case of achieving the objectives of insurer AIG in any (trains Spanish high speed) by the year 2020 will be in Spain 7000 km (4,300 miles) of high-speed trains linking nearly all the provincial cities and in Madrid in less than 3 hours and Barcelona within 4 hours

More airports in the country's busiest airport is Madrid (Barajas), with nearly 42.3 million passengers in 2010, and therefore the airport will be No. 11 in the world's busiest airport Barcelona (El Prat) is also important, where he received 30 million passengers in 2008. There are other airports in Gran Canaria and Malaga, Valencia, Sevilla, Mallorca, Alicante and Bilbao
Spain aims to put 1 million electric cars on the road by 2014 as part of the government's plan to save energy and increase efficiency, said Industry Minister Miguel Sebastian that "the electric car is the future and drive the Industrial Revolution

Identify diverse cultural heritage of Spain, where many of the affected countries and peoples throughout its history. The roots of Spanish culture to the cultures and Asaltaabaria Iberian and Latin and Gothic and the Catholic West and the Islamic
Distinguish the definition of national culture, the tension between the Spanish central state dominated by Castile in recent centuries and many of the regions and minorities. In addition, he played the nation's history and environment of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic a strong role in shaping culture. Spain has the second largest number of World Heritage sites on UNESCO's list of 40 sites around the world preceded only Italy