Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla are the addition, the town is located Livia Spanish Kmoktnf inside French territory. An area of 504.030 km ² and thus be the second largest country by area in Western Europe and the European Union after France
Spain's democracy with a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. Spain is the developed countries where the economy is the ninth largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and that living standards are very high (ranked twentieth on the human development index), and also ranked tenth in terms of the indicator quality of life in the world in 2005. Spain is a member of the United Nations and the European Union and NATO and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Trade Organization
There are also allegations that the word Spain comes from the Basque Azbana meaning "edge" or "border", a reference to the fact that the Iberian peninsula is the south-west of the European continent while the proposed humanitarian Antonio de Nbricha that Hspaina word evolved from the word Hasballes Iberian meaning "city of the Western world." According to new research conducted by Jesús Luis Kounkalos and published in 2000 as Gramatika Ahlmyntal Venice (the basic rules Phoenician), because the root of the term - to Span - the captivity, which means "smelting". Therefore i-spn-ya means "the land that is melting the metals
Housing the island two major historically are Iberians and Celts, where people first settled along the Mediterranean Sea from the north-east to south-west, while the housing by the Celts in the north Atlantic and north-western part of the peninsula. In the inner part of the peninsula, where both teams were in contact, there was a distinctive hybrid culture known as Sltaabaria. Settled in the Basque region of western Pyrenees mountain range and adjacent areas. Other ethnic groups have emerged along the coastal areas of southern peninsula.
The twentieth century brought some peace to the country. Spain played a minor role in the scramble for Africa, where the occupied Western Sahara and the Rif region of Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. Helped the heavy losses during the war in the countryside in Morocco to undermine the monarchy. Over a period of authoritarian rule under General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1931) by the Second Spanish Republic. Republic was granted self-government political regions of the Basque Country and Catalonia and Galicia and gave women the right to vote
. After achieving long as five months in 2007 concluded that the bombings were making group Islamic militant local sympathetic to al Qaeda went bombings killed 191 people and injured more than 1800, and was probably the intent of the bombings to influence the results of the Spanish general elections, held after three days in spite of initial skepticism, which focused on the Basque group ETA, evidence emerged indicating the involvement of Islamists
Spain covers an area of 504.782 km 2 (194,897 square miles) and thus the State is No. 51 in terms of area in the world. Spain smaller by about 47,000 km 2 (18,000 square miles) from France and grow at about 81.000 km 2 (31,000 sq mi), of the state of California. Ted (Tenerife, Canary Islands) is the highest peak in Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from his base
Because of the location of Spain and the division of terrain can be seen three major climatic zones first is the Mediterranean climate characterized by dry summers and warm. Classified according to two cups of climate, this region climate is prevailing in the peninsula with two types: Mediterranean climate pattern, which is located in most parts of the country, Mediterranean climate Algalasa (Galicia and Castilla North West), where the summer, less heat because of the proximity of the region of the ocean or because of the height from the the surface of the sea.
In some of the highlands, there is a kind of "south" of it by a narrow margin, where the temperatures are slightly higher in summer (average July temperatures between 20-22 degrees Celsius (68.0-71.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and the superiority of Oasirh North-West Europe) - (average score temperature in July 21 degrees Celsius (69.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in Santander, compared to 16 degrees Celsius (60.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in Brest, Liverpool).
During the past four decades has grown tourism industry, the Spanish to become the second largest tourist industry in the world, worth around 40 billion euros, or approximately 5% of GDP in 2006, contributing to climate and historical monuments, cultural, and geographical location in addition to its facilities in making tourism a major industry in Spain and be a great source of stable employment. Requires the star system in the classification of hotels in Spain more than the requirements of other European countries, making Spanish hotel with a higher value
Spain currently has a total of 1272 km of high-speed rail link between Malaga and Seville and Madrid, Barcelona and Valladolid. In case of achieving the objectives of insurer AIG in any (trains Spanish high speed) by the year 2020 will be in Spain 7000 km (4,300 miles) of high-speed trains linking nearly all the provincial cities and in Madrid in less than 3 hours and Barcelona within 4 hours
Spain aims to put 1 million electric cars on the road by 2014 as part of the government's plan to save energy and increase efficiency, said Industry Minister Miguel Sebastian that "the electric car is the future and drive the Industrial Revolution
Distinguish the definition of national culture, the tension between the Spanish central state dominated by Castile in recent centuries and many of the regions and minorities. In addition, he played the nation's history and environment of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic a strong role in shaping culture. Spain has the second largest number of World Heritage sites on UNESCO's list of 40 sites around the world preceded only Italy