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الأربعاء، 29 يونيو 2011

Tourism in South Africa

Republic of South Africa, is a big country in the far South Africa. Located at the southern tip of the continent and bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland. The state of Lesotho is surrounded by the entire territory of South Africa. Its economy is the largest and most sophisticated among all African countries, modern infrastructure found in almost all parts of the country.
Given antibiotic drops in South Africa has the largest population of European descent in Africa, the largest Indian population outside of Asia and the largest community of color (black-skinned) in Africa, making it one of the most diverse nations in the population on the African continent. Ethnic conflict and racial between the minority white and majority black fill a large portion of the country's history and policies, has launched its national introduction of the policy of apartheid after winning the general election of 1948, the party itself, which began the dismantling of this policy in 1990 after a long struggle with the black majority and groups of anti-racist whites and Indians

South Africa, few African countries that have not experienced a coup against the government, are also organizing free and fair elections since 1994, making the country a powerful force in the region, but one of the most stable democracies on the African continent.
In the second century AD and arrived farmers speaking Bantu from the north and they who are the ancestors of the black population existing in South Africa and in 1652 he arrived settlers, the Dutch (known as Boers or Afrikaans) who Onazelthm Dutch East India Company and established an independent republic in the Cape region. In 1806, the British seized the Cape Colony and then ruled the country after the departure of the Dutch. Boers moved in 1836 from the Cape Colony to Natal and Orange Free State.
  In 1843, Britain established the colony of Natal to become the Boer Transvaal Republic in 1852. And in 1854 became the Orange Free State Republic of the Boer. In 1872 the Cape colony became self-governing within the British Empire, even Britain annexed the Transvaal to the colonies in 1877. In 1879 Britain defeated the Zulu kingdom in the English-Zulu War. (1880-1881) signed the first Boer War and the Transvaal Boers defeat Britain

(1899-1902) and signed the Second Boer War and was defeated by the Boers and the Britishannexed the republics of Transvaal and Orange Free. In 1907 granted autonomyGmehoriaalbuer Palace with the right to vote on white only. To be known as the Union of SouthAfrica from both the universe (Alrtinsval - Cape - Natal - Orange). In 1919, the development ofwhat is now known as Namibia, under the mandate of South Africa. In World War II South Africafought alongside the Allies
The Republic of the Union of Africa in the far southern tip of the African continent, bordered from the north-west Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north, Mozambique to the north-east, and the rest of its borders on the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic. The area of ​​South Africa's 1,331,000 km, and the population of the Union in 1988, 33,763,000 people. And the Union of South Africa's capitals, legislative, a city of the Cape and administrative They Pretoria, the capital's population of some 750,000 people, and the city of Cape more than a million people and the Republic is divided into four states: Cape and Orange and Natal and Turnsval, and most important cities Drinan (843 thousand), Johannesburg, population 1.8 million inhabitants, and cities important Port Elizabeth

There is South Africa's temperate climate in general, except the extreme south-west of the country where blowing it winds east trade of the Indian Ocean, due to the fall of South Africa to the south of the equator, the seasons of the year it is the opposite of that which dominates the northern half of the globe, and the varied climate depending on the variety of heights and wind currents and ocean currents, they enjoy the mountains of the Cape climate is warm and dry in the summer and the climate is cold and rainy in winter, and the Sahel region Vharh and humid in summer and sunny and dry in the winter and the hills of East hot in the day and moderate at night in summer and mild in the daytime and cold at night in winter, temperatures usually below freezing during the winter in the hills, and where rainfall ranges between 65-100 cm per year, and less rainfall on the southern coast, and scarce in the Sahara region.

South Africa is located in the far south of the continent of Africa, occupies the twenty-fifth place in terms of area in the world. The aspects of the surface in South Africa in the Golan large and wide with about two-thirds of the country, with a maximum height at the southeast where the Drakensberg Mountains, and there is this plateau, three areas of distinctive is Madelfild and Bochwild and Highfield, and covers an area Alhaeveld most parts of the plateau and a height of 1.525 m above sea level, located north of Highfield Bochwild Turnsval or basin and divided the region into several basins by rocky peaks and descended from east to west towards the Limpopo River, and the average height of Bochwild are 1,200 meters. The western part of the plateau, which is known Bmadelfild, Vinhaddr down in the western direction and the average height of about 915 meters.

Descend on the land between the end of the plateau and the east coast and south toward the sea, and includes part of South Africa's Kalahari desert in the north-west, which extends even Botswana, also includes part of the Namib Desert in the west along the Atlantic Ocean towards the Cape Mountains
As for rivers in South Africa is considered to Orange River the longest river of that stems from Lesotho and flows towards the north-west, flows into the Atlantic Ocean, the River Limpopo Vinba from the north and flows northwest until it reaches to Botswana and then heading east along the border with Botswana and Zimbabwe before reaching Mozambique and then continue to flow until it reaches the Indian Ocean. And Fall River rises in the northeast, near Swaziland
There are also a number of other small rivers, and most of the rivers South Africa is a regular flow and mostly dry most of the year and therefore it is little used for navigation or for the generation of hydroelectric power, it has some uses in irrigation.
The most important rivers Orange Orange and Vaal Val Limpopo Limpopo. Orange River and the longest length of 2092 km and hurt the Atlantic Ocean.
Highest point 3408 m Anjaasuta. The most important Drakensberg mountain range.
Part of South Africa, the continent of Antarctica is Prince Edward Islands

Climate of South Africa's multi-personality because of its location, high land, however, varies from region to region because of the increase in their place, and falling rain in some parts of the summer, but the southern part of the country, a climate similar to the climate of the Mediterranean, and falling Omtarh in winter, and the prevailing north-west aspects desert climate, while there is the east coast of tropical wet model in the Natal province, on the plateau and the semi-arid tropical climate

Lives of many South Africans in rural areas. The law forced the land for the years 1923 AD and 1936 AD large numbers of blacks on the stability in the homelands were given in rural areas. Other laws and prevented farmers from leasing their land.

These procedures led to the spread of poverty among blacks, and enabled farmers to acquire agricultural land all around. Under the policy of apartheid, it was for men to spend most of the year away from their families to work in cities and mines. As a result, the structure of rural life consisted of women, children and the elderly. Although leave new laws concerning the rights of farm workers and solve the problems of migrant workers in the nineties of the twentieth century has been the rural areas in South Africa suffer from poverty, unemployment, seasonal