Given antibiotic drops in South Africa has the largest population of European descent in Africa, the largest Indian population outside of Asia and the largest community of color (black-skinned) in Africa, making it one of the most diverse nations in the population on the African continent. Ethnic conflict and racial between the minority white and majority black fill a large portion of the country's history and policies, has launched its national introduction of the policy of apartheid after winning the general election of 1948, the party itself, which began the dismantling of this policy in 1990 after a long struggle with the black majority and groups of anti-racist whites and Indians
In the second century AD and arrived farmers speaking Bantu from the north and they who are the ancestors of the black population existing in South Africa and in 1652 he arrived settlers, the Dutch (known as Boers or Afrikaans) who Onazelthm Dutch East India Company and established an independent republic in the Cape region. In 1806, the British seized the Cape Colony and then ruled the country after the departure of the Dutch. Boers moved in 1836 from the Cape Colony to Natal and Orange Free State.
In 1843, Britain established the colony of Natal to become the Boer Transvaal Republic in 1852. And in 1854 became the Orange Free State Republic of the Boer. In 1872 the Cape colony became self-governing within the British Empire, even Britain annexed the Transvaal to the colonies in 1877. In 1879 Britain defeated the Zulu kingdom in the English-Zulu War. (1880-1881) signed the first Boer War and the Transvaal Boers defeat Britain
The Republic of the Union of Africa in the far southern tip of the African continent, bordered from the north-west Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north, Mozambique to the north-east, and the rest of its borders on the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic. The area of South Africa's 1,331,000 km, and the population of the Union in 1988, 33,763,000 people. And the Union of South Africa's capitals, legislative, a city of the Cape and administrative They Pretoria, the capital's population of some 750,000 people, and the city of Cape more than a million people and the Republic is divided into four states: Cape and Orange and Natal and Turnsval, and most important cities Drinan (843 thousand), Johannesburg, population 1.8 million inhabitants, and cities important Port Elizabeth
As for rivers in South Africa is considered to Orange River the longest river of that stems from Lesotho and flows towards the north-west, flows into the Atlantic Ocean, the River Limpopo Vinba from the north and flows northwest until it reaches to Botswana and then heading east along the border with Botswana and Zimbabwe before reaching Mozambique and then continue to flow until it reaches the Indian Ocean. And Fall River rises in the northeast, near Swaziland
The most important rivers Orange Orange and Vaal Val Limpopo Limpopo. Orange River and the longest length of 2092 km and hurt the Atlantic Ocean.
Highest point 3408 m Anjaasuta. The most important Drakensberg mountain range.
Part of South Africa, the continent of Antarctica is Prince Edward Islands
Lives of many South Africans in rural areas. The law forced the land for the years 1923 AD and 1936 AD large numbers of blacks on the stability in the homelands were given in rural areas. Other laws and prevented farmers from leasing their land.