Located on the Moscow River in the Central Federal District in the European region of Russia. Moscow lies on the junction of three geological platforms historically, was the capital of the Soviet Union, and the Russian Empire (for three years from 1728 to 1730), Czarist Russia, the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Site as Moscow Kremlin, one of the world heritage sites in the city, which serves the Russian president as a home. Russian parliament (State Duma and the Federation Council) and the government Alrossia fall in the city as well.
Moscow is a major economic center. They contain many of the scientific and educational institutions, and many sports facilities as well. It possesses a complex transport system which includes four international airports, nine railway stations, metro system and the second busiest in the world (after Tokyo), which is famous for architecture and construction with its works of art. Metro Metro is the more crowded the individual player in the world
The city was renamed on the name of the river (old Russian: град Москов, meaning "the city next to the Moscow River"). Carl in the novel generation of Harvard University, "born of the river," argues that the name refers to the bumper support from the holy places which were built by the Slavic tribes who founded the city at the beginning of the tenth century. The first talks about a Russian source has been issued in Moscow in 1147 when Yuri Dolgurukiy called Prince of Novgorod - Svrskiy saying, "Come to me, my brother, to Moscow
After nine years in 1156 Prince Yuri Dolgurukiy city of Rostov is building a wooden wall, which was rebuilt several times, to take the city arising after the dismissal of in 1237 to 1238, when he burned the Mongols whole city and killed its inhabitants, recovered Moscow and became the capital of an independent principality called Vladimir - Suzdal in 1327. Contributed to its positive impact on the headwaters of the Volga River to the stable expansion. Moscow has evolved to the Emirate of a stable and prosperous, known as the Duchy of Moscow, for many years attracted a large number of refugees from across Russia
The road system is concentrated in the Moscow Kremlin on the whole, in the heart of the city. There are ways of branching out to intersect with the ways Daúaria ("shavings").
Second cycle primary, which is located outside the loop Alpulvard, called Sadowsquiah Kaltsu (Garden ring). Alpulvard such as ring, ring the park are the impacts of the ancient wall of the sixth century, which was to be ten of the city. Episode III, the third transport ring, completed in 2003, fast high-speed route
For a long time, the appearance of the city was ruled by numerous Orthodox churches. Creative City is a large change in the Soviet Aladhar, especially because of Joseph Stalin, who made a great effort to make a civilized city. He knew the ways of a large city and major roads, some of them more than ten rows, but the destruction of many important historical works in the same time. Hucharev Tower, and many luxury homes and shops that were on the edge of roads, and a lot of religious architecture, such as the Kazan Cathedral and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior demolished during the reign of Stalin. In the nineties was Alkatdraúaatan they construct again, despite the presence of a large amount of cash because of the high commission and the lack of historical perspective
Central Park of Culture and Rest, which marked the name of Maxim Gorky, was established in 1928. The main area (689,000 square meters) on the Moskva River is made up of platforms Merfoat, areas for children (including the pools of water control with boats and water bikes), dance, tennis courts, and other sports facilities. Park it next to Nescochwi (408 000 square meters), the oldest park in Moscow and place of residence of the old emperor, who Bmdj the fact that three pieces of land after the eighteenth century. Green garden where the theater, one of the largest stands open in Europe, its capacity to accommodate 15 thousand people
Sokolniki Park, named to the sport of hunting falcon that were practiced there in the past, is one of one of the oldest parks in Moscow and an area of 6 km square (2 square miles). There is a large fountain in the center and corridors of trees, maple and elm. Labyrinth composed of green lanes are located after the blessings of deer in the park.
Theme park Ocna Ostrov National (Park "Deer Island" national), with an area of more than 116 square kilometers (45 square miles), located next to Sokolniki Park was the first Russian national Menzah. It is also known as the "Tigha city" because of the presence of deer in it
Russian Exhibition Centre (Всероссийский выставочный центр), formerly known as the Federal Agricultural Fair total exhibition and also the achievements of the national economy although its official name "Permanent Trade Fair", is actually one of the most prominent examples of Stalinist-era architecture. Extends between large areas of the amusement park dozens of detailed wings, each of which represents either a branch of Soviet industry, science or one of the republics of the Soviet Union. Although during the nineties, he was, for some still misused as a huge shopping (leased most of the wings of small companies), but still includes architectural landmarks, including two of the fountains large (flower stone and friendship between peoples), and the Cinema 360 degree panoramic
Moscow has always been known destination for tourists. Some of the best known tourist sites include the site of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Kremlin in Moscow, Red Square, which was built between 14 and 17 centuries, the Church of Ascension in Colominescua, which dates back to 1532, is also the site of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, other tourist points.
Another popular site rocked Moscow zoo, garden contains more than a thousand species of animals and 6500 samples. Each year 1.2 million people visit the park