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الأربعاء، 29 يونيو، 2011

Tourism in Malaysia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia is composed of 13 states and three federal territories, a total area of ​​329.845 km 2 (127,354 sq mi). The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. Population up more than 28 million people. The country is divided into two parts separated by the South China Sea, are the Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo (also known as East Malaysia). Limits of Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore and Brunei, Malaysia is located near the equator, its climate is tropical. Malaysian top of the pyramid is the Yang Di Pertuan Agung, an elected monarch as head of Government Prime Minister. The government built very close to the Westminster parliamentary system.

 Not Malaysia as a unified, presence until 1963. In the past, the United Kingdom extended its influence in the colonies in those areas late eighteenth century. The western half of modern Malaysia from several independent kingdoms. I knew this group of colonies as British Malaya until disbanded in 1946, when it was reorganized into the Federation of Malaya. Given the opposition to the wide, was reorganized again in the Federation of Malaya Federal in 1948, then gained independence later on 31 August 1957 incorporated all of Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo British and the Federation of Malaya, all to form Malaysia on 16 September 1963 occurred in the past Tayeh new tensions within the European Union led to an armed conflict with Indonesia, and the expulsion of Singapore on 9 August 1965

 During the late 20th century, Malaysia has seen an economic boom and underwent rapid development. Bounded, where the Strait of Malacca, a sea route is important in international shipping, international trade is also an essential part of its economy, industry is one of the key sectors in the economy of the country, Malaysia has diversified vital plants and animals, which are among the 17 most diverse
 
Malaysia adopted the name in 1963 when the united Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak, and the Federation of Malay in the Union of 14 countries. But the name itself has been used ambiguously to refer to areas in Southeast Asia as before. In a map published in 1914 in Chicago printed the word Malaysia to refer to some regions within the Malay Archipelago thought Ssayasoa Philippines while often name their state "Malaysia", but Malaysia before them to the name in 1963 at the time of Union in 1963, took the other labels in the account, it was another to Angkasuka, according to the historical Kingdom which occupied the upper part of the Malay Peninsula in the first millennium of the birth

.Earl wrote anthropologist George Samuel Windsor in 1850 in the Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, a proposal named as Malaionysia islands of Indonesia or Indonesia. Preferred first name.
 
There are several theories about the origin of the word or Malai Malaya. Says the most plausible interpretation of the word combination of two words of Tamil / Sanskrit, Malai (hill) and Ur (the city), ie the city of the hill. This name was adopted when the travelers and Indian traders identify the geographic area with about Malaysia at present. Believed that the origin of the word naming the Malay kingdom, the Kingdom of classic emerged between the seventeenth and thirteenth centuries, in the region about the current Darmasoeria in Sumatra. Founded by the community around the river Batangare and gold traders from the area of ​​remote Minanczykapau. Added later - Sia from Latin / Greek, making Malaysia the name literally means land of the Malays

 .Carried the continental region of the country name of Malaya (without "- C") until 1963, when it was annexed to the Union with the Sabah and Sarawak and Singapore in the northern part of the island of Borneo. Singapore was expelled in 1965. He changed the name to change the country's borders beyond the Malay Peninsula. Malaysian description refers to all the Malaysian people of all races, while the Malay refers to the indigenous Malay people, who make up nearly half the population
 
Archaeological research reveals the presence of traces of that phase in all parts of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Back to the earliest evidence that humans inhabited the area to 40,000 years. These fishermen are mostly Almizuletyon Simang ancestors, a group Negrotto ethnic origins deep in the Malay Peninsula

Sinoe seems to be a complex, which dates back nearly half of mothers of strains of DNA Simang to the ancestors and the other half to the subsequent migration of Indo-China. Scientists propose that they are descendants of Austronesian-speaking farmers first, who brought both their language and farming techniques to the southern part of the peninsula in nearly 5000 years ago. Where integrated and united with the indigenous population.
 
Malays, the ancestors of the first more diverse. Although they show some association with the island of South East Asia, linked to each Bonsab in Indochina of the last great ice age, about 20,000 years ago. Anthropologists supports the idea that the ancestors of Malays grew up in what is known today as Greece in China. This was followed by an early Holusena spread across the Malay Peninsula to the island of South East Asia. About 300 BC. AD driven internally by the ancestors of the Malay secondary, a group of Iron Age or Bronze Age descended partly from the Cham people of Cambodia and Vietnam. The ancestors of the first group of secondary Malay Peninsula, which used metal tools, and advances directly to the people of the Malay Malaysian current

Malaysia is the country's No. 43 in terms of population in the world and 66 in terms of area, and has a population of about 28 million people and an area of ​​more than 320,000 km ². Similar to the population of Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Norway and Vietnam in terms of space.
 
Separates the two parts of Malaysia, the main South China Sea. Features a scene in the two parts of the country's western and eastern coastal plains, which rise often to form hills and mountains covered with dense forest, the highest is Mount Kinabalu, up 4,095.2 meters (13,436 feet) on the island of Borneo. Local climate is tropical and characterized by winds from the south-west monsoon (April - October) and northeast (October - February) monsoons
Consists of the census in Malaysia from many ethnic groups. Malays constitute 50.4% and Albomeybotra 11% of the population by virtue of the constitutional definition, Malays are Muslims and practice traditions (habits) and the Malay culture. Therefore, in practice, can be considered as any Muslim from any ethnic Malays as long as the exercise of Malay tradition and culture, and thus equal rights when it comes to the rights of Malays enshrined in the Constitution

.Many families today are the Malaysian sailors of the assets of Javanese, Bugis, and Manang, who come from Indonesia, especially among the seventeenth century until the beginning of the twentieth century. Also given to bumiputra status of indigenous non-Malays, including the ethnic Thai, Khmer, and Altcham and indigenous people in Sabah and Sarawak. Non-bumiputra Malays make up more than half the population of Sarawak (including 30% Iban), and nearly 60% of the population of Sabah (including 18% Kdazan - Dawson, and 17% Bagao) There are also groups of indigenous people indigenous people in smaller numbers much of the peninsula, where it is known collectively as the Orang Asli

Malaysia is a multi-ethnic, cultures and languages. According to the figures in 2007 is a Bumiputra 62% (including indigenous people), and 24% Chinese, 8% Indians, and other minorities and foreigners (mostly semi-skilled workers received some of the ethnic tensions in recent months in parallel with the high temperature the political scenario in the country
Malays constitute the majority of the population, and play a dominant role politically and are part of a bumiputra. Mother tongue is Malay (Bahasa Malaysia), which is the national language of the country of the assets of the Malay or Javanese or Bugis Manang may speak the languages ​​of their ancestors as well. However, English is used widely in major cities across the country.

 In the past, use the Malay or caustic writing Sanskrit Sanskrit origins. Indian Muslims to bring writing at a later time, which is based on the Arabic script, which became popular after the 15th century. Until then, the reading and writing in mostly the preserve of scientists and nobles, while most of the Malay grassroots illiterate. Javanese studied side by side with Islam, which published this writing among all social classes. Latin script provided during the colonial period, and over time, replaced all of the Sanskrit and Javanese. This is due largely to the influence of the European education system, where he teaches children the alphabet as English was perceived as easier to learn
 
While Malay is defined by the Constitution as Muslims, Malay culture has strong influences from Hinduism, Buddhism and biotechnology. Since the Islamist movement in the eighties and nineties, often neglected these aspects or banned altogether. Because of the right of any Muslim spokesman Balamlawih Malaysian Bumiputra privileges, many Muslims converted to non-Malay and Malay customs and clothes in the past few decades. This is particularly the case with the Muslims of the Indian peninsula and Borneo Kadayan

The largest tribe is the Iban of Sarawak, has a population of more than 600,000 members.Some Iban still live in traditional long houses along the Rajang and Rajang rivers and their tributaries, although many of them moved to the cities. Pedajoh a population of 170,000, and is concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. The largest indigenous tribe in Sabah isKdazan. Christians, most of them farmers. Consists of 140,000 Orang Asli, or indigenous peoples, from a number of different ethnic groups living in Peninsular Malaysia. Many of thetribes, both in the peninsula or in Borneo, looked left or semi-nomadic hunters, including thePonant, Benin, Sinoe. However, the ancestral lands and fishing areas dominated by their ownstate, forcing them to settle in the homes of long or modern bungalow .

Speaking Chinese community in Malaysia, a variety of Chinese dialects including Mandarin, Alhokyin, Cantonese, Hakka, and Tauccio. She also speaks a large majority of Chinese in Malaysia, especially from big cities like Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Ipoh, Klang and Penang in English well. Also, many generations of modern Chinese language, English is considered their first language. Historically known as the Chinese community on trade and its dominance of the Malaysian economy.
 
Indians in Malaysia is due mainly to the Tamils ​​from southern India whose mother tongue is Tamil. There are also other communities of Indians speaking Baletilojo, Malayalam, Indian, living mainly in major cities on the west coast of the peninsula. Many of the Indians of the middle and upper classes speak English as their first language. There are 200,000 Muslims from the Tamil community, also thrive as a community of independent sub-culture. Most Indians originally migrated from India as teachers, traders, and other skilled workers. As part was also due to the forced migration from India by the British during the colonial era to work in the farm sector while bringing Punjab originally guards and police officers and soldiers

 Malaysians expected number of festivals and celebrations throughout the year. Some holidays and public holidays permeated all countries and some states without regard to the other. And some special collections of particular ethnic or religion, but not public holidays. More holidays most celebrate is the "Harry Kibangsan" (Independence Day), known as the "Merdeka" (freedom), on 31 August on the anniversary of the independence of the Federation of Malaya in 1957, while celebrating the Day of the formation of the Malaysian Federation in 1963 only in the state of Sabah on 16 September.

Hari Merdeka, Holiday workers (May 1 / May), King Birthday Holiday (first Saturday of June) and some other holidays reflect a fault federal official. Muslims in Malaysia celebrate Muslim holidays. Boisa Hari Raya (Hari Raya Aedelftera) is the Malay translation of Eid al-Fitr. And also Hari Raya Haji (Hari Raya Aedeladha), a translation of Eid al-Adha.

Also celebrated as the first Muharram (Islamic New Year) and the Prophet's birthday. Celebrates the ethnic Chinese Malaysian Chinese holidays known. Chinese New Year celebration lasts for fifteen days and ends with what is known faces Chah Mai (十五 瞑). Vietnamese new year begins, or Thiet, on the same day. Other festivals celebrated by the Chinese Ching Ming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival. Malaysian Buddhists Ihtql Pfisak or Wesak, the birthday of Buddha.

  The Hindu Diwali Vijtflon / Debavala, a festival of light, while Thaipusam celebration of the visit of pilgrims from all over the country Batu Caves. Malaysians celebrate Sikh New Year Punjab or Beissakhi and encountered during the month known Vaasak, known more commonly as appropriate Vaasakhi. Watching the Indians and other communities of India, the Chinese new year around the same time, such as Bohilla Boicakh of Bangladeshi and Songkran (water festival) for the Thais.

It also celebrates the Thai Malays in the northern states also twisting Kratung. Celebrate the Christian community in Malaysia, most of the holidays Alchristaah, most notably Christmas and Easter. In any case, Good Friday is not an official holiday only in the two states Albornatin. East Malaysia also celebrates the harvest festival of Gawai in Sarawak and Kamatan in the morning. Despite the fact that most of the festivals, especially an ethnic group or religious group, the Malaysians celebrate them together, regardless of their background