Icelandic society technologically advanced. While the Icelandic culture, the heritage of the peoples of the north, where most of the Icelanders out of northern (particularly west of Norway) and from the Gaelic peoples. Icelandic language of the North Germanic languages are very close to the language of the Faroe and some Western Norwegian dialects. Includes the cultural heritage of the country's poetry, traditional cuisine and medieval Icelandic Alssaga. Iceland is currently the smallest countries in NATO in terms of population and the only one without an army is present
A disorder of the 4.970 km long coastline of Iceland, where most of the settlements. The heights of the island is fitted with a mixture unfit for habitation of sand and cold mountains. Major cities are the capital Reykjavík and surrounding towns such as Copavgor and Hafnervuordor and Gardabir and Rakianspar (where the international airport is located) and Akureyri in the north of the island. While Grimssa Island is located to the south of the Arctic Circle, the most populated areas; to the north of Iceland has three national parks are: Vatnaiokol and Sniffalzaokol and Bnajafiller
There are some differences in climate between various parts of the island. Generally is considered the south coast is warmer and wetter and the wind from the north. The colder the central highland areas of the country, while the low-lying areas inland in the north is the most arid regions. Snow in winter is more common in the north to the south.
The highest temperature in the air at 30.5 ° Celsius (86.9 degrees Fahrenheit) in June 22, 1939 in Tigarrhorn on the southeastern coast. While the lowest to -38 degrees Celsius (-36.4 degrees Fahrenheit) in January 22, 1918 in Grimsstadar and Modrodalor in remote north-east of the country. Records of temperature in Reykjavik is 26.2 degrees Celsius (79.2 degrees Fahrenheit) in July 30, 2008, and -24.5 degrees Celsius (-12.1 degrees Fahrenheit) in January 21, 1918
· 80.7% of the members of the National Church of Iceland.
· 6.2% of members of unregistered religious organizations, or without any specific religious affiliation.
· 4.9% of the members of the Lutheran Free Church in Reykjavik and Hafnarfjordur.
· 2.8% are not members of any religious group.
· 2.5% of the members of the Catholic Church, represented by the Diocese of Reykjavik.
Religious attendance is relatively low, as is the case in other Nordic countries. The above statistics represent membership of the administrative and religious organizations that do not necessarily reflect the actual distribution of religions among the population of Iceland. According to a study published in 2001 is 23% of the country's population are atheists or agnostics
The roots of Icelandic culture to Scandinavian traditions. Icelandic literature, popular especially in Alssaga, management started in the mid-and late Middle Ages. Icelanders are relatively focused on independence and self-sufficiency. In the analysis, conducted by the Commission of the European Commission finds more than 85% of the Icelanders that independence was "very important", which contrasts with the average EU countries and twenty five then at 53% and 47% of Norwegians and 49% for the Danes
Iceland is a progressive on gay rights. In 1996, the Icelandic Parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for homosexuals, covering nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage. In 2006, other legislation passed unanimously in Parliament granted gay couples the same rights as gay couples in adoption and foster parenting and to assist in pollination. On June 11, 2010, the Icelandic parliament amended the Marriage Act, making it a neutral sex marriage defined him between two people and therefore legitimized gay marriage. Was the application of the law in June 27, 2010 also meant the amendment to the law is also cancellation of registered partnerships for homosexuals, when a marriage is the only option, as is the case with non-gay