City of more than 56 square kilometers and the number of Nfosha of approximately 65 000 people. Away from the city of Tver city, a distance of 130 km
The year 1216 the official year of the founding of the city, although there are many signs to the existence of the city before that date a long period. The most important documents that refer to the feet of the city mentioned in chronicles in 1019 and 1150 as well as the fact that the city dating back to the emirate of Smolensk
The city's geographical location give a great opportunity for the development of trade, and the proximity to the western border of the state given to the importance of major defense. Over the centuries, 13 and 14 was life in the city very difficult and that any party had controlled the city was getting a fortress controlled the trade routes, this city was the castle into permanent conflict between the parties surrounding the province of Tver, Novgorod, which tried its best to bring it under control
Moscow has given the city of great importance as a fortress to protect the western border from attacks by the Poles and Lithuanians. And the more important business of the city where she was from which the pass through which trade caravans on land and commercial vessels through the Volga River, the Valley this to the expansion of the city and its prosperity, at the end of the 17th century built buildings of stone warehouses and ports of new and the city became one of the centers of commerce and industry in the Russian Empire. Where there was the end of the century the 18 160 different industrial workshop. And the key sector of the industry was the production of rope he needed the Russian fleet.
In factories and laboratories
During the Soviet era the city became one of the largest centers of production of flax and opened factories where many of the tissues, paper, food and other.
Has reflected the industrial development of the city on a number Nfosha which stood in 1940 about 55 thousand people. And the city became a cultural center in the province where there were the 13 clubs and 20 public library and a museum in addition to the many schools and high schools and professional theaters. Continued growth and prosperity of the city and there was nothing to suggest the tragedy that was waiting for this city