Founded several cities and the capital, commanding Muizz to open the Cairo after the foundations of the Fatimid state, has the essence of Sicilian year AH 358 (969 m) to build a wall around the three cities and named the three cities of Cairo, including Cairo, the city of Fustat, founded by Amr ibn al-Aas year 20 AH, the city founded by the military, Saleh bin Ali Abbasi year 132 AH, Alktaea city founded by Ahmed ibn Tulun in 256 AH, in addition to the neighborhoods that have occurred after the reign of Saladin, until now
Known in the Pharaonic era of Navarre as a beautiful port city of the sun and its suburb (hieroglyphs: Online and in Greek: Heliopolis). The capital of unified Egypt since King Narmer alone since 3,200 years BC. M. For different time periods, but since the Arab conquest of Egypt, the capital.
Cairo is located on the sides of islands of the Nile River in southern Egypt, immediately south-east of the point where the river leaves the Nile valley and confined in the desert, divided into two branches in the Nile Delta region of low
And allowed water systems cross the city is also expanding eastward into the desert, and there are bridges linking the islands of the Nile Bashatrih east and west to Giza, where many government buildings and offices of government officials, cross bridges, the Nile is also a link to the city on the outskirts of Giza and Imbaba (part of Greater Cairo
Nevertheless, moving large numbers of the population of Cairo to the resorts Egypt different that comes in the forefront of the city of Alexandria (Resort Egypt I), Ismailia, the resort closest to Cairo, which do not exceed the distance between Cairo, Ismailia, 122 km, and the city of Port Said Mediterranean (one of the cities of the channel with a European-style ), and the city would sometimes blow sirocco during the period between March and June, the wind is working to raise the average temperature by up to 14 ° C suddenly, as it reduces moisture in the air to no more than 10%, and the suffering population of Cairo much of minute dust particles originating from the hills and the mountain Mokattam red, and during periods of activity of the movement of surface wind until they were planting the slopes of hills referred to
From there, historic palaces dating from the periods of Islamic rule and the most beautiful palace Sakakini relative to the built Sakakini Pasha, who called the neighborhood that surrounds the palace in his name, has started to Islamic architecture in Cairo at the hands of Amr ibn al-Aas who conquered Egypt in the era of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab years (18 e -639 m) and his successor, built the first mosque in Egypt, the mosque of Amr ibn al-Fustat, which was known as moving as the old mosque
One shortcoming of the old Palace of excellence in Cairo Baron Empain founder of Heliopolis (Heliopolis), a spectacular palace built in the Indian style. Cairo is known for a long time city of a thousand minarets of mosques, many dating back to different historical periods starting from the Islamic conquest of Egypt around the year 22 AH, 642 AD, when opened Amr ibn al-Aas and built the famous mosque, known in his name so far in Fustat.
Egypt is a central to a large extent then your capital is the center of everything in the country, all you want, the individual can not be found elsewhere in Egypt must find him in Cairo, Besides the government services provided by the State of the residents of Cairo and other cities coming specifically to end the interest is, which often are extracting a document from the Ministry or stamped from the ministry building itself, or even of a building complex editing, which is the largest service-center in Egypt, there are by many government offices, ministries and other offices
There is also in Cairo a number of shops, ancient, which was founded more than 100 years or more and preserved its reputation strong, and there are many large shopping centers of modern, such as City Center, City Stars, Mall of Saad Zaghloul, Talaat Harb Mall, Serag Mall, Arcadia Mall, a good Mall, Mall of the market era, Geneina Mall, Maadi Grand Mall and Mall of the technology and markets of the hotels such as the commercial attaché of the Ramses Hilton hotel, etc., and there are cinemas all over the city, cinema complexes in all the city's business centers,