Seconds of the Republic of South American area, the largest Spanish colonies in South America, and the word Argentina is derived from the (silver) and called the Spaniards the name Bcesp the large number of silver, which was displayed by the American Indians when the discovery of this country, and occupied by Spain since the discovery in the year (922 AH -1516 AD ) and the foundations of the Spanish (Bdriomndosh) Buenos Aires (fresh air) and caused Spain colony of Peru
Divided the land of Argentina naturally into four regions, the first of the territory of the Andes, and Second Region Plains sediments in the North, (Chaco) located between the rivers Barna, Uruguay, and the Golan Barna, Third Region Alemia The Great Plains in the east of the introductions to the Andes, and the fourth divisions the territory of the Golan Btajohnaa in South-east Argentina
Argentina's population doubled during the last century several times and the result of the large immigration. According to statistics of 2001, the number of population 36,260,130 million, and increase the percentage of ethnic European population where the majority of up to 90% of the population, Some ethnic Italian, who make up 60 of the population, the estimated 25 million people and 15% Hispanic and other European nationalities.
Diversified population activity in Argentina, and concentrated on agriculture, and Argentina's largest food producers in the world, and produces wheat, corn, soybeans, sunflower, and sugar cane. Argentina has a livestock of cows, sheep, goats, and produces little oil, extracted coal, iron, silver, and light industries in Argentina. The official language of the Spanish