Since then settled statue located overlooking the Bay of New York, New York United States to be in the country receive all visitors, whether tourists or immigrants. Designed by Frederic Bartholdi designed the structure, while the structural Gustave Eiffel.
Settle the statue on Liberty Island in the Gulf of New York; as 600 meters away from Jersey City, New Jersey and 2.5 km to the south-west of Manhattan, a total area of 49.000 square meters (12 acres
Based on the base of the statue concrete - granite width 47 meters (154 feet), with a length of the foot to the top of the torch 46 meters (151 feet), while the total length of the base 93 meters (305 feet). It consists of copper plates with thickness of 2.5 mm (0.01 inch) installed to the structure of the iron, and weighing a total 125 tons.
Surrounding the statue as a whole wall with a star (star of 10 heads), was built in 1812 as part of Fort Wood (English Fort Wood), who used to defend the city of New York during the American Civil War (1861-1865
At this time, the French Republic, the third (1870-1940) are seized with the idea of courtesy souvenirs for the Arab states across the seas to Taasir continue my friendship with, so I was thinking in presenting the United States this statue on the anniversary celebration of the centennial of the Declaration of Independence, which comes on time on July 4, 1876
On the other side of the Atlantic was the art galleries and the theater and the way the Americans to provide funds to build the pedestal, and was leading this campaign, Senator and Mayor of New York and William Ivartz (English William M. Evarts) - who became the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the United States later - but this was not enough, which alone by Joseph Pulitzer (in English Joseph Pulitzer) - the Pulitzer Prize later - that the campaign through the paper, which was issued under the name of the world ([[WOrld news p. and then later was selected the project site on the island of freedom that was then called Island as a bucket (in English: Bedloe) until 1956
Thus, the available funds of the crisis, and the architect Richard Morris Hunt, Khatib (in English: Richard Morris Hunt) and design rule which ended in August of 1885 to be laying the foundation stone on the fifth of this same month. A year later, construction work was completed on 22 April 1886. As for the structure, it was the work of the French architect Eugène Le Duc (French: Eugène Viollet-le-Duc), but he died before the completion of the design, and was commissioned Gustave Eiffel (French: Gustave Eiffel) for completion of that work. Indeed, the Eiffel designed the chassis so that the framework consists of the main statue is installed in part of the second at the base to ensure stability of the statue
Thus, in the October 28, 1886 - ie after the completion of the pedestal 6 months - by U.S. President Grover Cleveland (in English: Grover Cleveland) inaugurated the statue in a major ceremony, He was a senator and mayor of New York who led the campaign donations - William Ivartz (in English: William M. Evarts) - a speech on this occasion.
In 1903 has been developed for the bronze plaque on the wall of the internal base of the tower bearing the words of poet Emma Lazarus descend (in English: Emma Lazarus) after 20 years of writing in 1883
On October 15, 1924 was declared the statue and the island a national monument, and is administered by Department of National Parks (in English: National Park Service - NPS), which is the federal agency entrusted with the management of archeological sites throughout the U.S.
On October 28, 1936, such as the golden jubilee of the establishment of the statue, so the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (in English: Franklin D. Roosevelt) to re-statue courtesy and recognition thanks to the American nation.
As in 1984, has joined the statue to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO grouping.
And two years later in 1986 and in preparation to celebrate the centenary of the statue, it was the work of a comprehensive restoration has been installed a new layer of gold to shine the torch lights of New York City at night
Slide Show base: 47 meters (154 feet)
· Height of the statue: 46 meters (151 feet)
· Overall height: 93 meters (305 feet)
· Hand length: 5 meters (16 feet 1 / 2 inch)
· The length of the right arm: 12.80 meters (42 feet)
· Index finger length: 2.44 meters (8 feet)
Slide Show from the face of the permission, then: 3.05 m (10 ft)
· Nose length: 1.37 meters (4 feet 6 inches)
· Eye length: 0.76 meters (2 feet 6 inches)
Slide Show View Mouth: 0.91 meters (3 feet)
Slide Show Central: 10.67 meters (35 feet)
· The number of annual visitors in the year (2004): 3 million
· The number of visitors throughout the 116 years (1889-2005): not available