Length of its sources in Lake Tanganyika up to its mouth in the Mediterranean Sea 6690 km and covers an area of 1.9 million square kilometers and extends in ten countries: Tanzania - Kenya - Zaire - Burundi - Rwanda - Ethiopia - Eritrea - Uganda - Sudan - Egypt
The River Nile springs from Lake Victoria and slopes strewn with waterfalls and rushing to overcome this obstacle strongly up or down until it reaches to normal
The most important projects of the organization of the Nile water at all, is a project of the High Dam has protected Egypt from devastating floods and drought, where water is stored in front of him in the years of high floods, as well as a wide implications on the areas of irrigation, agriculture and power generation
Began to measure the water level in the River Nile from the era of the ancient Egyptians, when they tried to use what is known as scale Nile Nilometre, was this measure a form of three: board, column, or peace, each of which carries gradually, and the unit of measurement fixed forms of the three, known Balciobt cubit became standards Nile tourist site.
Are calculated amounts of rainfall over the area of the River Nile, by addressing the images captured by satellite to the regions of the Nile Basin Blue Basin White Nile and quality control, and then transferred automatically to a prediction to analyze weather patterns for the seasonal variations of rainfall over the Nile River Basin in order to predict the seasonal long-term of the actions of the River Nile
Of the River Nile was a great influence on life in Egypt since the time of the ancient Egyptians to the Islamic era, particularly with regard to agriculture and religious beliefs. And adopted the Egyptian civilization along the Nile in the food and transportation, and religious practices, they reflect its importance.