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الأحد، 23 يناير 2011

Temple of Philae

The island of Philae, is an island in the middle of the River Nile, one of the forts the strongest along the borders of southern Egypt, are separated by the Nile to the two channels Maackstin in Aswan was the Temple of Philae and moved from its original location on the island of Philae was assembled on the island of Ijileka in the wake of the High Dam

This is because the name of the elephants or Philae to the Greek language, which means (beloved) or (grains), but the Arabic name to her that he (Anas exist), the proportion of the myth of Anas in the story of the Thousand and One Nights The name of the ancient Egyptian and Coptic is Bilak or Bilak and means to reduce or end because it was the last border of Egypt in the south. And a set of worship dedicated to the worship of the goddess Isis is that the island contained the temples of Hathor and Amenhotep, and other temples

Constructed temples "elephants" in the origin of the worship of the goddess "Isis
In all the centuries, elephants earned a special place in worship to the extent that a crowd of followers that worship were meeting to revive the story of the death and sent Osiris
The great temple was built during the third century BC was followed by the temples of Amenhotep Orsnovis and The Temple of Hathor, it is the impact of last Ptolemaic and completed its construction before the year 116 BC by the second Iiorgits Btalmp has added other inscriptions to Philae, which is one of the masterpieces of the temple. From Egypt, the worship of the goddess Isis spread to Greece and Rome and in various parts of the empire, even when applied to Roman rule in Egypt's rulers tried to beauty the island has the Holy Emperor Augustus Caesar built a temple in the northern end of the elephants in the ninth century BC. The Tiberius and others have added edifices and inscriptions, was built as Claudius and Trajan and Hadrian and Diocletian new buildings on the island continued to work there until the fourth century AD

 The intensity of the control of the worship of Isis on the island of Philae led to the extension of such worship for many centuries in defiance of the decree of Emperor Theodosius I, issued in 391 AD and which imposed the Christian religion at all throughout the empire ROMANIAN In 550 AD, and under the reign of Justinian arrived Christianity to the island elephants and started a new page in its history. The population of New Christians in the island of Philae and turned pillared hall to be suitable for the practice of the new religion. Stones were taken from some of the effects of the construction of Christian churches on the island. The new village grew around the Temple of Isis

 When Islam came, considered a bastion of Philae, represented in one of the legendary story of the Thousand Nights and gained the name of Anas being named after one of these hero stories from the story of the Thousand and One Nights

This temple dedicated to the goddess Isis, which was swamped with waters of the Nile was divided and re-assembled in a new location on the island of Ijileka a distance of about 500 m from its original location on the island of Philae and includes buildings of a temple of Hathor and the visitor can see the light and sound at night, which provides a variety of languages

 Egypt was part of the prosperous parts of the empire became a wealthy Romanian right has built several new towns where the most famous enterprises in Egypt in Roman times, the so-called haunted Pharaoh any kiosk of Trajan and the impact on the island of Philae was built by Emperor Trajan, the Roman governor

The values of a large number of temples on the island of "elephants" Perhaps the oldest of these temples dating to the reign of King Tuthmosis III in the fourth century BC, the king built the "Nakht LNBF" (378-341 BC). And a huge temple built on the impact of "Ptolemy Veladlv (the third century BC) the great temple, and then followed many of the kings of the Ptolemaic and Roman rulers until the crowded island of Philae temples, and the best known is called the "chamber of Pharaoh
There is also a large number of statues of the kings of ancient Egypt on an island

 Promises ruins, the first on the island of Philae to the reign of King Taharqa (Family Twenty-fifth is the Temple of Isis, one of the largest and most important effects in the group of large and small temples on the island of Philae and the running of this temple about a quarter of the island and among other effects on the island of Philae limited "Nkhtnbo first (family Thirty-two rows of columns dating back to Roman times and the Temple of Orisnovis Greek - Roman Temple of Mandolees (from Roman times), and the Temple of Imhotep (from the Ptolemaic period, and the most important small temples that surround a set of large temples Temple of Hathor (the Ptolemaic era) and limited to Trajan

 Was the restructuring of the island Ijileka km distance of five hundred meters from the site of the island of Philae - and transferred to them the various temples of the island of Philae and the sunken so similar to the island of Philae.

Since the completion of the first building of the Aswan Dam in 1902 and the Nile waters surrounding the island of Philae most of the year, so the island with all its stocks of precious archaeological temples and includes booths, columns and gates, Pharaonic, embodying all the architectural styles Romanian - Greek and Pharaonic

 The Nkhtnbo which is one of the last kings of Egypt people had built a temple on the island of Philae in the first half of the fourth century BC, and later came the Ptolemies, who ruled the country for 300 years and embraced the cult of Isis supplementing private tombs on the island.

This has led to build the High Dam to change the situation on the radically For the grounds that the island will be located between the new dam and the old dam, it will become partially submerged, but throughout the year

 In addition, the daily draw of water to drive turbines that generate electricity could mean the presence of ripples continue in nearly 3 meters from the water level which in turn leads to the destruction of stones quickly and then the failure to find a solution to this problem would have this island floating long Klapt The lives of tourists to the disappearance of on the map

 When the problem has been thrown the island of Philae as a pressing problem was the response at the Nubia Campaign, a quick Maeks international community's determination to save the beauty of this area and the historical importance of this issue and then save the elephants were not as far as whether or not the patchwork how to save

However, after examining the findings of this project and in particular the impact of artesian water on the effects of the project and what it requires considerable cost, experts also suggested other projects submitted by the Egyptian government and the project aims to transfer the effects to the island of Ijileka

 Began the process of saving elephants in 1972, when ships began may Piles installed the first plate steel and the other between 3000 board and in the bottom of the Nile and to form a temporary dam to hold the water around the island and it took two years to inform the island by two rows of piles cutting length of 12 meters, and within this vacuum has been Pour mixture of water and washed sand quarries in the waterfall at a distance of 5 km, were connected to the mixture across the lake through the tubes , Were allowed to water leakage, leaving the sand to support the steel pressure against the lake, and thus completed life preserver around the island