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الاثنين، 24 يناير 2011

Temple of Abydos

Abydos temple is located in the center Balyana in Sohag
Temple is a beautiful slim built, first the King, "City I ", the second king of the Nineteenth Dynasty, and father of King's famous "Ramses II". A funerary temple, and his "City I " inside the fence includes a comprehensive ancient tomb, which assumes that the tomb of the god "Osiris

The days surrounding the prosperity of the temple garden planted with flowering plants, trees Albasagh. The newly revealed by the original front of the temple, and re-installed, there appeared two major Abhan of the temple, and the space, which is followed by the place of the yard first and second courtyard of the temple. The Osabhma a lot of damage, the two end in the temple facade, and the current entrance Bomayth square and the walls that have been drawn by drilling some of the facts "Ramses II" war, and his victories in Asia. As well as books by some of its commemorative inscriptions

 It will be recalled that the "Ramses II" has completed the construction of the temple, "Abydos" after the death of his father the King, "City I ". But the part that was built in the era of "City" was far greater than technically part of the completed construction "Ramses II

And the Temple of "Abydos" very different from the design of other Egyptian temples, which he praises mostly in the form of a rectangle, and all the lounges and Hjradtha on one axis. The Temple of "Abydos", the layout is very unique, as it is in the form of a right angle, or in the form of the Latin alphabet L. The cabin is located the Holy of Holies, a main compartment is perpendicular to the chain courtyards, and rooms for successive columns

There are many columns the hall is a hall of columns built by the King, "City I", but the decoration was in the reign of his son "Ramses II". And the length of this room about 55 meters, width of about 11 meters. The ceiling is based on twenty-four columns

 And columns from the bottom of the form of papyrus, but their crowns For the flower did not bloom yet. The columns are divided into two rows, each row by twelve columns. Each row is divided into six groups, each group and in the columns are close, then there is little room corridor, and then find the other two close together, and so on .. There are seven passages in the hall corridor relate to other like-pillared hall the second

 Pillared hall the second

A room in the temple of the following "City I", and its roof is carried on thirty-six columns .. Divided into three rows, each row in the twelve columns. Like the other room is made up of groups of rows of columns, each comprising a set of two columns. Thus, there are seven corridors between them, as is the case in the first room. Relate to each of the seven corridors in each of the halls, and ending seven sacred niches, which were placed statues of the gods

. Having devoted the mihrab The first from the right of the god "Horus", and then the temple goddess "Isis", then the god "Osiris", then "Amun", then "Horakhty"Ra-Harakhty god of the morning sun, then "Ptah, " and finally the temple King "City I

 Behind the altar of "Osiris"There is a door leading to a small hall of columns, with three small chapels of the Trinity of Gods author of the "Osiris", and "Isis", and "Horus". There are booths as well as other ad hoc for each of the gods "Nefertum, "and "Ptah, sugar, " then "sugar

The inscriptions of this room has been made in the reign of King "City I". It is so beautiful, inscriptions, and most of the subjects you are talking about a King of Great City with the gods of Egypt, despite the fact that the temple was originally established in honor of the god "Osiris

List godmother

On the one hand the eastern wall of the hall there is a door in the wall leads to a narrow corridor connects to another room with columns. In the middle of this corridor is one of the important patterns in the history of the pharaohs. This pattern is a "list godmother" famous "List of Abydos", a list containing the names of the kings of Egypt, who considered them "City I" legitimate kings of the country. This list has been started on behalf of the King, "Mina," and ended up on behalf of the King, "City", ignoring the name of the Queen "Hatshepsut," and the names of the kings of the reform era of the religious illusion of "Akhenaton" and his successors, including "Tutankhamun

In the long corridor that leads to "Aloozurion" - which started in building the King, "City I " (about 1290-1279 BC). in "Abydos", Iqapelln this pattern surround the god, "Nunn"Nun a lift boat for Solar "Khyeery" Khepry, a scene from "The Book of Gates"Book of Gates. And the meaning of the name "Khyeery"or "Kebri" is the verb "read ", where "Khyeery" symbolizes the birth of new and renewal, and was depicted in the form of a scarab (beetle).