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الثلاثاء، 28 يونيو، 2011

Tourism in the city of Tokyo / Japan

Occupies the area of the city of Tokyo urban area of ​​600 km ²; made ​​up of 23 neighborhoods (Japanese: 区 = ku), and a population where 12 million people. If we take into account the urban agglomerations neighbors, Tokyo is the largest urban agglomeration in the world, extending the urban fabric in which, without interruption to serve an area of ​​10,000 km ², and comprises more than 30 million people, including many small towns adjacent to three large cities: Yokohama, Kawasaki and Chiba , and all located east of Tokyo

Settlement of the place was occupied by the current city Jōmon time ago, then became part of land ownership (of the emperor) during the Heian and Nara periods. Hit the region during the Middle Ages in the hands of the warriors from the eastern plains surrounding the foundations of such a military government in the south of Tokyo Bay: In the place called Kamakura, it was at the end of the 12th century CE, and since that time I took the city her first name Edo and meaning of the port of the Gulf (Gulf of Tokyo day).

The city became the capital of Japan since the beginning of the 17th century CE, known as a prosperous era during the Edo period, the total population of one million in the next century (the 18 m). After the fall of the Cogonyh, during the transitions (see: Astarash Meiji) diminished the role of the city, in favor of Kyoto (the imperial capital). However, the court finally decided to transfer his capital to Edo, and was renamed to Tokyo '(meaning eastern capital).

I took the city to evolve and become one of the major cities of the world. During the early Meiji period of the ancient city took turns, Vaandhant major companies, and the first universities in the country's first activities as defined industries. Transformed the appearance of the city in 1870, when the public lighting set up (the gas) in the streets, was built Central Station, from which the trains were to the city of Yokohama and from there to other parts of the country. After the decimal (10 years) of the time began to tram lines invade the streets of the city and has started construction of buildings, a new government in the district of Kasumigaseki and the other to embrace the headquarters of large companies in the neighborhood of Maronoaoshi, completed most of these buildings are stone and according to the schemes Bank, changed that transfers the old city center , and then became its streets lit by electric lighting.

 By the 20th century AD, the greater the broader Tokyo: The texture around Amrna heavy, and took advantage of all the vacant spaces along the west bank of Tokyo Bay, and then took swallow the new land to the north and east. City was destroyed several times: the fires and earthquakes destroyed many of the neighborhoods, and then came the great earthquake of 1923, more than half the city's buildings. After the decimal (20 years) caused the air bombing campaigns during World War II killed more than 100,000 people and destroyed the entire fabric of Imari along the 100 km ².
 
Has the rebuilding process at a rapid pace: new ways of axes drawn around the city; a special program for the construction of buildings, civil, governmental and administrative, and ended its work in 1964 with the launch of the Olympic Games (in Tokyo

Business workshops are hardly calm down in Tokyo, due to the tremors experienced by her and inflicted severe damage to its buildings, most of the buildings do not survive for more than one generation of time. Started in the old wooden houses, which had been rebuilt every 20 years almost to fade, leaving the place with modern buildings, completed to withstand powerful earthquakes. Took the new buildings with modern architecture take its place in modern biology, challenge the towering buildings Baaloha natural hazards, earthquakes, and some residents objected to it because it obscured their vision of the sacred Mount Fuji
 Ever-renewed the city of Tokyo, and works with almost endless. Officials did not adopt any of the urban plans, so apparently diverse urban fabric, and show the city more grouping of small villages maintain their respective unique to its finite character, including the giant city of Haditha.
 
  Is a major street, which charted in the years 1950-1960 AD and the modern buildings and interface, the main city, as neighborhoods are old and small buildings, consisting of floor or two floors, temples, shrines and wooden buildings scattered across it. The city offers visitors a sight problem and is mostly consistent, co-exist where different architectural styles, materials and construction methods Almentoah. Unlike some Maiatkdh, parks and green spaces in Tokyo, a large and wide, both in the city center or on the banks of the Sumida River

The palace was occupied by Alambrtora the old city of Edo, and this area is the historic heart of the city. Rich in green spaces and increase the residence of the imperial family in the middle, and attend to the public to visit the place. To the south and west sides located Kasumigaseki district, and collects most of the official government bodies: Parliament, the residence of the Prime Minister, Ministers and the Supreme Court

To the east of the Imperial Palace is located Maronoaucci neighborhood, one of the most important business centers in the city - and the country -, which are located the headquarters of several major banking institutions. Followed to the east, district of Ginza's famous, old-fashioned was the neighborhood gathering place for wholesalers from Osaka, and now the place of shopping choice for residents of the city, dotted with stores, restaurants, cinemas, theaters, and prevents the passage of vehicles where on Sunday to limited movement walk in the streets to pedestrians only.
 
After Ginza and to the north and east, and the columns along Sumida River, extending the city the old (trachea), located in district of Asakusa popular, which is known Bashoarah narrow, winding and spread through shops, craftsmen, operating in this district trade in manufactures for the traditional, as is the temple of Senso (or: Senso ji), which is devoted to personal Kannon, the god of mercy, according to Buddhism (according to Japanese tradition