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الثلاثاء، 28 يونيو، 2011

Tourism in Casablanca / Morocco

Casablanca (Amazigh: Anfa) is the largest city in Morocco and the largest city in terms of population in the Maghreb is located about 95 km south of the capital Rabat, on the Atlantic coast. A population of 4.15 million people, according to the last census (2010).
 
More than 4 million people, 800,000 of them villagers Casablanca is the major urban centers par excellence. And assemble the two cities of Casablanca and Mohammedia addition to the two provinces where small towns and Kalnoasr owed​​.
 
The region's economic activity is mostly represented in the tertiary sector (trade and services) increased by 49.6% of the jobs followed by the second sector (industry) to 40.5%. About 38% of the population are young people less than 18 years old and 76.5% of the population are aged 15_59 years and 16.5% are 60 years old category and more

Casablanca is Morocco's economic capital. This city is the industrial pole of the country concentrated 55% of the production units and 60% of the workforce in the industry. The city occupies 39% of the active population in Morocco and consume 35% of the national consumption of electricity. The first financial arena in Morocco and the Maghreb, and they are located the headquarters of several national companies and international and multinational forces in North Africa and West Africa.
 
Casablanca Stock Exchange is one of the most important in Africa and the first in the Maghreb and the third in Africa after the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and the Cairo Stock Exchange and the third in the Arab world after the Riyadh Stock Exchange and the Cairo Stock Exchange with a market capitalization of $ 60 billion.
 
Appearances suggest the port city of his fifth African-African and the second port. From there, issue campaigns and phosphate grains, where Morocco is a major exporter and producer in the world of the phosphate

The Casablanca fast-track urban length of 22 km cut the city axis east-west and the highway surrounding the city A5; length of 35 km out of it 3-axis major country highway A3 Rabat _ Awhita highway A6 new-and-white highway A5 t Fas-and-white highway A8 Tangier white and the highway A7 Marrakech white ears of the city is a major node LED Screens in the country.
 
There are more important airport Mohammed V of Morocco and the Maghreb, which is located 30 km from the city center. And is the most important airport in possession of three Royal Air terminal passenger capacity of 16.4 million where 45 are connected to an airline with 70 destinations worldwide. The airport has passed more than 6.2 million passengers in 2008. It also has two cargo capacity 150,000 tonnes / year.
 
Oval is the regional train network with eight stations in Belarus. Moreover, there are shuttle trains that pass every half hour is also linking the suburbs to the north-eastern and Bouznika Muhammadiyah and the southern suburbs towards Settat. The mobility in urban areas, in its final form in 2006, provides, in the framework of the Council of Representatives under the project Casa 2010, to develop the transport network, with two metro Casablanca, and three tram lines and a new set of Regional Express. This network can start from 2011

White Port with 54% of the port in the country, statesmanship is the first and fourth nationally andAfrica. Through which each year more than 20 million tons of goods and 500,000 containers.
Available on the city's main train stations Tsjlan eight million passengers a year are:
· Port terminal near the port of Casablanca
· Passenger station district Blfdar
· Addition to the station Allowazis Bbusageor
...
 Casablanca - the city without a history - the phrase pronounced by many of the largest urban center in Morocco, currently, cities arise and evolve and some are abandoned and disappear like Tahert and Nevis and Sijilmassa, some of which remain on the case of grouping urban small and some are down position and then emitted again and all this is linked to political conditions and economic drive people to the reconstruction of this city and the abandonment of another, and the city of Casablanca situation is distinct; it lasted for a long historical period without little relevance to the reign of Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdullah, where I took the current name and then renew it, and then turned and placed at the construction of the port by the first resident in French Morocco - Gen. Aouti - where turned into the largest economic center in Morocco, was similar to the event in terms of importance but the decision of the late King Hassan II mosque Hassan II created which make the city groping in the field of radiation science

 The city of Casablanca, Anfa, Onava, Anfal, my nose, all of the names mentioned in the books and the sources of history surrounding the origin of ambiguity Some historians Ergonh to the Carthaginians, who solved the coasts of Morocco about 12 BC and some of them bring him back to the era of the Romans and the opinion of Hassan Al Wazzan in his description of Africa the Andre Adam Verbtha Emirate Barghoath, which was among Bouregreg mother spring in what was known Ptamsona in the ninth century AD, and that the lack of archaeological evidence prior to this period, and interested in all this is that the city is rooted in the foot, Its presence more than 33 centuries maximum and a minimum of 12 century, but more than this as we consider the results of the latest archaeological research which proved the existence of archaeological sites, ancient aspects of the city, namely:

 - Site Asasfah date ranges between 5 and 6 million years. Until now.
Site - the people of the boy and return to about 2 million and a half years ago now.
- Site Thoma "1" about a million years before now.
- Site of Sidi Abdel Rahman and Inmty the end of the Stone Age.
If we go back to historical sources, we find democracy does not mention a nose only in conflict stationed with the emirate Barghoath then in the era of Marinids when Morocco received numbers of Muslims fleeing from Andalusia who settled some Bonva where active Jihad sea to avenge the Christians who persecuted the Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula , has also become the port earlier in this period, trading with the Spanish and Portuguese, but the escalating Jihad sea and the arrival of some boats to the coast of the Iberian Peninsula to pay Portugal to prepare to attack the city in 1468 AD, but the inhabitants fled before their arrival, Vdkhalha Portugal and Khrbuha then tried to year 1515 building fortress, but they were expelled after the defeated before Marinids.

 And has been the city to the earthquake year 1755, no remains of which only a few, especially the tomb of Sidi Allal Alkaroana, and in 1760, the Sultan ordered the top Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah to rebuild the city and the renewal of its walls and its port and the building of mosques and other facilities and a fortress for the soldiers and scaffolding, making the city bearing the name of Casablanca.
 
Flocked to the city after the immigrants from the Chaouia Doukkala, in association with the policy of openness that its approach to the Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdullah, where the active commercial movement in the city to back down in the reign of Moulay Suleiman, who follow the policy of precaution, as it left the city most of the consuls of European, especially with the spread of the plague . and the city did not recover their business only about 1830, where the growing imperialist pressure on Morocco with the increasing demand for grain, leather and wool for the re-port of life he settled again by a number of European consuls

After the multiplicity of trade treaties held by Morocco with the European countries became the city Bootarh evolve faster than it was previously, in a close relationship with the development of commercial activity in the port, which became the end of the 19th century, competing first port in the country at the time of any of Tangier. This development led to the stability of the commercial bourgeoisie, the city population rose to twenty thousand with the outskirts of the twentieth century and in this period the city was made ​​up of three districts, namely:
· Eastern neighborhoods near the port that was home to merchants and consuls, and administrative bodies.
· Navigator in the south-west and was inhabited by the Jewish community.
· Tankers neighborhood in the northwest and the majority of its population of immigrants from the countryside nearby.
Some companies have been able to strengthen French influence in Morocco and the largest "company of Morocco," which became the controlling agricultural land and wide. In April 1907 started the company in the works preliminary to build the port and the extension of railway violating the sanctity of a cemetery, angering the population, especially with the resentment of the pressures collectors of French, and this led to the outbreak of revolution in Casablanca prevailed then Chaouia demanded of the town off the works to no avail in the July killing of Europeans workers working in the company in charge of the preliminary works of the port, which led the French to take down 200 thousand troops in the city in August
  Chaouia blew and tribes to expel them but was defeated and defeated before this well-armed French force occupying Casablanca. After the imposition of protection in March 1912 continued construction of the port under the guidance and supervision of the Resident-General, General Aouti which form an important turning point in the history of the city as it created led to the development of Casablanca, economically, socially and Majalia to become the largest urban center in Morocco

The choice of Casablanca to host the largest port in Morocco was not coincidence, but it has been associated a number of reasons including the site of the city in the heart of the peasant-rich [Chaouia Doukkala] in place facilitate the establishment of the network of roads and railways to move grain and acids, as well as phosphates from the mines of Khouribga, which proceeded to exploit it with the beginning of the twenties of the previous century.
 
  Thus, today, Casablanca is the link connecting metropole [France], Morocco Fbrha were exported raw materials and up surplus French industrial production to be distributed in Morocco, which has made the economic activity of the city develops in the direction of benefit brokerage firms and exchanges, and companies seeking to establish the infrastructure of roads and rail iron and transport companies and services, and weak industrial activity was focused on the consumer industries such as textiles and food industries, chemical industries and some of the light, all to provide the necessary needs of the elderly people

This situation changed little during World War II as forced some owners of capital to leave France, and stability in Morocco for the establishment of some industries, chemical and mechanical in Casablanca in particular, but this did not prevent the city from continuing to play the role of the mediator, who set it in advance, and the proof is that the largest institutions were banking and financial, such as Bank of Union "Parisian" and "Bank of Paris and the occupied low", which has invested in the sectors of mining, transportation and consumer industries has led the economic development witnessed in Casablanca to the influx of numbers of immigrants from Chaouia Doukkala was then from all over Morocco .
 
Continued evolution of random for the city to the borders of the eighties of the previous century, where the Agency established urban design manager for the city, and during this decade also exactly the year 1987 put the late King Hassan II foundation stone for the construction of parameter Grand Mosque of Hassan II, who gave the city the status of a spiritual at the global level, considering the size and the magnitude of his building and the promise of the features of authentic Moroccan architecture, as well as its unique location a part of this important parameter built over the sea and the mosque can be home to 25 thousand worshipers as well as 80 thousand others can absorb his name

And next to the Great Mosque was built Koranic school, which began work in January 1995 and received some of the finest students who were selected after a game and taught in this young institution forensic science of jurisprudence, and modern, and interpretation, and assets, and the science instrument, as well as modern science of mathematics sociologists, and natural sciences in addition to any living languages​​, French and English.
 
  And during subsequent years, started this school making its way on the path followed by the schools, antique, such as villagers, where now includes sections in the different phases of education from primary to the final in last season's opening phase of the final organization and fulfillment of the spirit of its founder, Moulay Hassan II and this is what will give the Casablanca radiation scientifically with the graduation of the first regiment of the school in the next school year, God willing

Valdar white historic old city but its role has emerged in the twentieth century has become an important economic center, with the establishment of the major parameter - the Hassan II Mosque - has become a spiritual and scientific radiation not only nationally but also at the level of the Islamic World
 
Casablanca evolved from the old city and the first basin of the port since 1920. Urban world is the Henri Prost's parents making plans for expansions of the first city in the years 1920 and 1917. In the fifties gave Michelle Aakuchar new blueprint for the expansion and organization of the city

The old city is the historic center of the city, surrounded by photographs and several sections of which is the famous Bab Marrakech. Cafe scaffold compared to the harbor entrance was originally a place immune to images of Portuguese.
In the east of the city extends the old district Art Deco district my father was a European city under French protection. Architecture includes several components that give a touch of the city: the administrative region, the Arab League and the garden, and wide streets planted with palm trees.
In the west of the old city there Bourgogne neighborhood on the shore of the sea and the Hassan II Mosque. And further position itself Corniche its restaurants and beach front nose hill residence of the rich classes.
Heart of the city contains the old city and business hub and major hotels, embassies and specific street Alzarktona my father has a tower towers Casablanca designers by the Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill.

In the south along the highway to my parents Alj Mohammed V International Airport find a business district known Sidi new economic heart of Casablanca and contracting companies clustered around Alticnubark. This neighborhood will be Tospah According to the scheme designed by Bernard Rychen in 400 hectares of the old airport which was earlier.
In the east of the city, we find the industrial areas and neighborhoods. Sidi Moumen neighborhood full of tin will benefit the restoration project of the Greater Casablanca Stadium and home improvement.
The city authorities have started to plan reconstruction (SDAU) Casablanca Great team work by France, Morocco, the agency Casablanca urban and IAURIF, headed by the Director Urban Agency Allal Alskeroha and planning of the urban world Fouad Awada and IAURIF this strategic document entered into force in 2008, and proposed to regulate urban growth of the terminal electrodes of the city (Dar Bou Azza Bouskoura and Nouaceur and in debt and Muhammadiyah), and the development of the center of the city thanks to a strong network of public transport. Indeed, the city decided to create the first tramway line, and five or six of packaging under development, including in relation to above and Mr. believer.

It is worth Baldkr that the city does not have a white LED Screens signs for guidance and management, which makes moving around the city difficult for those who do not inhabited.

 Old City
Was a set of walls surrounding the old city of Casablanca has not left them only a part limits the coast at a distance of miles the city center. Demolish part of it following the earthquake of 1755 Old City Muslim, located along the beach, with the effects the most ancient city. Neighborhood of Consuls, which were found by foreign powers, the city center, known as a massive influx of Europeans in the nineteenth century as a result of the popularity of the commercial boom in the city.
  Was built by the Franciscan Church of Bznqh Tangier in 1891. Navigator: the old Jewish quarter, there Paljhh corresponding to the coast, was not limited as it was in several other Moroccan cities, the demolition of part of the thirties during the years following the creation of Square of France, the United Nations Plaza currently, the Church of the Jews was built in 1938 to Bznqh Amesaon.

 Places to visit

Yasmina · Garden and Garden of the Arab League;
· Museum of the villa and the arts;
· Habus neighborhood or the city and the new shops of traditional industry;
· Mohammed V Square around the square and the state of Casablanca and the Palace de Justice, the Arab character of Andalusia and the fountain where the masses are great people every night
· Hassan II Mosque built between the years 1986 and 1993. Which has the highest minaret in the world 170 meters height and the third largest mosque in the world after the Grand Mosque and the Prophet's Mosque.
· The old city, Bab Marrakech;
• The facades of the many Art Deco character of DAT along Avenue Mohammed V and pilgrimage January 11
· Central Market;
· Into Diab Corniche;
· Angle of Sidi Abdel Rahman;
· The path of the first Gulf piracy information center in Africa and second in the world after the capital of Jordan Amman
· Tower in the heart of Casablanca Maarif
· Mika Rama finest composite Snmaúa in Morocco
· Festival for Youth Mosagaan Boulevard;
· Festival of Casablanca.